Richards Castle


  The Manors of Richards Castle in the Domesday Book


 

 

 

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THE BARONY OF BURFORD

The landholdings of Richards Castle were known as the Honour of Richards Castle and the Barony of Burford. The difference seems to be one of purpose. For the purpose of defence the landholdings of the Honour supported the maintenance and manning of the castle. For the purpose of taxation the landholdings formed the barony of Burford.

It seems that Burford was the caput, or chief manor, and place of residence of the early lords of Richards Castle, and the rights and obligations of barony, which later included a place in the national parliament, were tied to this manor.

The Honour of Richards Castle consisted of those lands set aside under the lord of the Honour for the maintenance of the castle as a military base. The lands as a unit were called the chatellany of Richards Castle. Burford was the caput or capital manor of the Honour of Richards Castle. The lord of Burford was classed as a baron. Richards Castle was known to the crown as the barony of Burford. The two terms, the Honour of Richards Castle and the barony of Burford are, in ordinary usage, interchangeable.

There follows two lists. The first list contains all the manors which were stated to be part of the landholding of Osbern fitzRichard at the Domesday Survey in 1086. The second list shows all those manors appearing in later feodaries as appurtaining to Richards Castle. While the two lists are similar there are differences in numbers. In general the differences are explainable by the creation of new manors as the result of population growth, but there are cases which indicate errors in the original Domesday Survey.

 

 

THE ABSTRACTS FROM THE

DOMESDAY BOOK

 

The counties in which Osbern fitzRichard held lands at the Domesday Survey are:-

Bedfordshire 4 manors

Gloucestershire 2 manors

Herefordshire 23 manors

Nottinghamshire 3 manors

Shropshire 14 manors

Warwickshire 11 manors

Worcestershire 18 manors

 

The Domesday book gives 75 holdings in 7 counties. This may be compared with the list of 159 manors in 15 counties found in later times.

 

THE DOMESDAY SURVEY

 

The Lands of Osbern fitzRichard in Bedfordshire

 

1. Easton ( Stodden) Estone

Stori, Earl Tosti's man, held it TRE

1/2 hide plus 1/2 virgate : value 10 shillings.

Hugh Hubald holds from Osbern.

 

2. Riseley ( Stodden) Riselai

Alwin, Stori's man, held it TRE

1/2 hide : value 5 shillings.

Hugh Hubaud holds it from Osbern.

 

3. Keysoe ( Stodden) Caissot

1 virgate : value 2 shillings.

Hugh Hubald holds of Osbern.

 

4. Elvedon ( Stodden) Elvendone

Alwin, Stori's man, held it TRE

1 hide plus 1 virgate : value10 shillings.

Hugh holds from Osbern.

 

 

1086

A1086:

The Domesday Survey

 

The Lands of Osbern FitzRichard in Gloucestershire

 

1. Naunton ( Salmonsbury) Niwetone

Thurstan held it TRE

5 hides : value 3.

Robert d'Oilly holds from Osbern.

 

EvK10, a pre-survey listing, states that

"Westbyrie, 30 hides. Of this manor 25 hides have been taken away;

In Chire 6 hides,

In Clistone 10 hides

In Noent and Cligest' 8 hides

In Ladewent 1 hide.

The abbot of Cormeilles, Osbern and William sons of Richard hold these lands.

 

Under 'The Land of the King' DB states

1.11 In Westbury on Severn 30 hides.

King Edward held it TRE

6 hides in Kyre were taken from this manor

And in Clifton on Teme 10 hides

In Newent and Kingstone 8 hides

In Edvin Loach 1 hide.

The abbot of Cormeilles, Osbern and William sons of Richard, now hold these lands.

 

In 1086 Clifton on Teme, Edvin Loach, Kyre Parva and Kyre Wyard were in Worcestershire. Kingstone in Weston under Penyard was in Herefordshire. Newent was in Gloucestershire.

 

The 6 hides in Kyre were held by

The bishop of Hereford 2 hides

Osbern fitzRichard 4 hides.

 

The 10 hides in Clifton on Teme were held by

Osbern fitzRichard:

Clifton on Teme 3 hides

Stanford on Teme 1 1/2 hides

Shelsley 1 hide

Homme Castle 1 hide

Lower Sapey 3 hides

 

The remaining 1/2 hide was held by the abbot of Cormeilles at Tenbury Wells.

 

The 8 hides in Newent and Kingstone were held by the abbot of Cormeilles, 6 hides being in Newent and 2 in Kingstone.

 

Osbern fitzRichard held the 1 hide in Edvin Loach.

 

 

 

 

 

1086

A1086:11

The Domesday Survey

 

Lands of Osbern fitzRichard in Herefordshire

 

1. Milton (Hazeltree) Mildetune

Osbern held it TRE

2 hides : 20s.

 

2. Byton (Hazeltree) Boitune

Osbern held it TRE

2 hides : 20s.

 

3. Bradley (Hazeltree) Bradelege

Osbern held it TRE

1 hide : waste

 

4. Titley (Hazeltree) Titelege

Osbern held it TRE

3 hides : waste

 

5. Little Brampton (Hazeltree) Bruntune

Osbern held it TRE

1 hide : waste

 

6. Knill (Hazeltree) Chenille

Osbern held it TRE

2 hides : waste

 

7. Lower Harpton (Hazeltree) Hercope

Osbern held it TRE

1/2 hide : waste

 

8. Harpton (Hazeltree) Hertune

Osbern held it TRE

3 hides : waste

 

9. Nash (Hazeltree) Hech

Osbern held it TRE

1 hide : waste

 

10. Clatterbrune (Hazeltree) Clatretune

Osbern held it TRE

2 hides : waste

 

11. Querentune (Hazeltree) Querentune

Osbern held it TRE

1 hide : waste

 

12. Discoed (Hazeltree) Discote

Osbern held it TRE

3 hides : waste

 

13. Cascob (Hazeltree) Cascope

Osbern held it TRE

1/2 hide : waste

 

14. Lye (Hazeltree) Lege

Osbern held it TRE

1/2 hide : value 5 shillings.

 

15. Titley (Elsdon) Titellege

Earl (= King) Harold held it TRE

3 hides : waste

 

16. Newton (Stretford) Neutone

Saeric held it TRE

1/2 hide : value 24 shillings.

Herbert had it from Richard Scrope.

 

17. Staunton on Arrow (Staple) Stantune

Seisyll held it TRE

4 hides : value 60 shillings.

Drogo holds it from Osbern

 

18. Bodenham (Thornlaw) Bodeham

Osbern held it TRE

1 1/2 hides : value 48 shillings

 

19. Whyle (Wolphy) Huilech

Osbern held it TRE

1 hide : 8 shillings

 

20. Lyde (Cutsthorn) Lude

Seisyll held it TRE

2 hides : 30 shillings.

Roger de Lacy holds it from Osbern

 

21. Ludford (Wolphy) Ludeforde

1 hide : value 20 shillings.

This manor was transferred to Shropshire after 1086.

 

22. Richards Castle Castello Auretone

3 hides : 23 men : value 20 shillings

 

Osbern fitzRichard held a total of 22 manors in Herefordshire.

12 manors, comprising 21 hides were waste.

3 manors, comprising 6 1/2 hides and valued at 114 shillings, were in service.

7 manors, comprising 11 hides and valued at 141 shillings, were in demesne.

 

In the castle of Ewyas Harold William and Osbern held 4 carucates, valued at 20 shillings, from Roger de Lacy.

 

In Alton Osbern held 2/3 hide, valued at 10 shillings from Roger de Lacy.

 

23. Osbern fitzRichard held Wapley, a member of Leominster, by the king's gift.

2 hides : value 20 shillings.

 

The Gloucestershire DB states that the abbot of Cormeilles, and Osbern and William, sons of Richard, hold certain lands taken from the manor of Westbury on Severn. These were

1. Kyre 6 hides

2. Clifton on Teme 10 hides

3. Newent and Kingstone 8 hides

4. Edvin Loach 1 hide.

 

 

 

 

1086

A1086:

The Domesday Survey

 

The Lands of Osbern fitzRichard in Nottinghamshire

 

1. Granby ( Bingham) Grenebi

Earl Algar held it TRE

3 carucates : value 15

Robert d'Oilly holds of Osbern

 

2. Wiverton ( Bingham) Wiuretone

3 1/2 bovates : value not stated

Member of Colston Bassett

 

3. Salterford ( Bingham) Saltreford

6 bovates : value not stated

Member of Colston Bassett

 

Colston Bassett is not entered in the Domesday Survey.

 

 

 

 

 

1086

A1086:

The Domesday Survey

 

The Lands of Osbern fitzRichard in Oxfordshire

 

 

1. Mollington

Leofwin of Nuneham's mother held it.

5 hides : value 60 shillings

William holds of Osbern.

 

This is a duplicate of a Warwickshire entry and simply reflects the fact that Mollington is now in Oxfordshire, due to an adjustment of the county boundaries. It generally appears in Warwickshire feodaries in the period covered by this history but is dealt with under Oxfordshire in modern accounts.

 

 

 

 

 

1086

A1086:13

The Domesday Survey

 

The Lands of Osbern fitzRichard in Shropshire

 

1. Burford (Overs) Bureford

Richard held it TRE

6 1/2 hides : value 4

 

2. Tetshill (Overs) Tedenesolle

Saeward held it TRE

1 hide : value 10 shillings.

 

3. Ashford Carbonell (Culvestone) Esseford

Lethi held it TRE

2 hides : value 8 shillings.

 

4. Humet (Leintwardine) Humet

Osbern held it TRE

5 hides : value 10 shillings.

 

5. Stanage (Leintwardine) Stanege

6 hides : waste

 

6. Cascob (Leintwardine) Cascop

1/2 hide : waste

Osbern held it TRE

1/2 hide : waste

 

7. Ackhill (Leintwardine ) Achel

Edric held it TRE

3 hides : waste

 

8. Neen Sollars (Condertree ) Nene

Siward held it TRE

value 18 shillings.

Siward holds from Osbern

 

9. Milson ( Overs) Mulstone

3 1/2 hides : value 10 shillings.

 

The above manors were held in chief. The following manors were held of intermediate lords.

 

10. Condover ( Condover ) Conendovre

King Edward held it TRE

1 hide :

Osbern holds of Earl Roger

 

11. Forton (Baschurch ) Fordune

Edmer held it TRE

3 hides : value 25 shillings

Osbern holds of Roger de Lacy who holds of Earl Roger

 

12. Badger (Alnothstree ) Beghesovre

Browning held it TRE

1/2 hide : value 10 shillings

Robert holds of Osbern who holds of Earl Roger

 

13. Brockton ( Alnothstree) Broctone

Browning held it TRE

1 virgate : value 12 pence

 

14. Ryton ( Alnothstree ) Ruitone

Wivar and Brictwold held it TRE

5 hides : 20 shillings

Osbern holds of Earl Roger.

 

Burford was a multiple manor with several members which were:-

1. Grete

2. Stoke

3. Tilsop (Tileshop)

4. Wn'tone

5. Watmore (Wetemora)

6. Nash ( Esses)

7. Weston (Westona)

8. Whitton (Wyttone)

9. Cornwood (Cromwode)

10. Boraston (Burestone)

11. Harthall (Herthale)

12. Court of Hill (Hulla)

13. Overton

 

Burford was coupled with Stapleton (Stepelton)

 

Osbern fitzRichard also held the manors of:-

1. Kinsham, both upper and lower; alias Kyngesheinde

2. Willey; alias Wylyeye

3. Presteigne; alias Prestehemed; 7 hides.

 

At a later time Hugh de Mortimer held Willey of Richards Castle, and Ralph de Lingen held Kinsham of Richards Castle.

 

Cainham and its members Hope Bagot and Hints, including Hints Uppencott or Luppencott alias Upmaneton or Opemenekete. These were part of the barony of Burford. Ralph de Mortemer was the chief subtenant of Cainham and under him Robert Veci and Walter were subtenants.

 

 

 

 

 

1086

A1086:

The Domesday Survey

 

The Lands of Osbern fitzRichard in Warwickshire

 

1. Aston Cantlow (Ferncombe) Estone

Earl Algar held it TRE

5 hides : value 6

 

2. Wilmcote ( Pathlow) Wilmecote

Leofwin Doda held it TRE

3 hides : value 60 shillings.

Urse holds from Osbern.

 

3. Dunchurch ( Marton) Donecerce

Wulfmer held it TRE.

5 hides : value 100 shillings.

William holds from Osbern.

 

4. Barford ( Tremlow) Bereforde

4 hides : value 40 shillings.

Hugh holds from Osbern.

 

5. Hillborough and 6. Binton ( Ferncombe) Hildebereurde; Benintone

Ludric held it TRE

3 1/2 hides : value 40 shillings.

Hugh holds from Osbern.

 

7. Ipsley ( Ferncombe ) Epeslei

Earl Algar held it TRE

3 hides : value 40 shillings.

Hugh hold from Osbern.

 

8. Temple Grafton ( Ferncombe) Grastone

Merwin, Scroti, Toti and Tosti held it TRE.

5 hides : value 40 shillings.

Gilbert holds from Osbern.

 

9. Stretton on Fosse ( Barcheston) Stratone

Brictric held it TRE

2 hides : value 30 shillings.

Walter holds from Osbern.

 

10. Mollington ( Hunsbury) Mollitone

Leofwin of Newnham's mother held it TRE

5 hides : value 60 shillings.

William holds of Osbern.

This entry is repeated in The Domesday Book for Oxfordshire, becuse the village was later transferred to that county.

 

"The abbot of Coventry is asserted to have bought his land at Binley, which formerly belonged to Ealdgyth, daughter of Alfgar (read daughter of Leofric), and wife of Gruffydd of North Wales, of Osbern FitzRichard; and it is a singular fact that, although this land is entered in Domesday under his fief, not under Osbern's, Binley is found long afterwards feudally dependent on Richard's Castle, the head of Osbern's fief."

 

From the above Binley must be added to the list of Osbern's lands in Warwickshire.

 

11. Binley ( Stoneleigh) Bilveie

Aldyth wife of Gruffydd held it TRE

3 hides : value 60 shillings.

The abbot of Coventry bought this land from Osbern fitzRichard.

 

Of these eleven manors 10 were in service and one in demesne.

 

 

 

 

 

1086

A1086:15

The Domesday Survey

 

The Lands of Osbern fitzRichard in Worcestershire

 

1. Berrington (Doddingtree) Beritune

His father, Richard Scrob, held it TRE

2 hides : value 20 shillings.

 

2. Tenbury Wells (Doddingtree) Tamedeberie

His father, Richard Scrob, held it TRE

3 hides : value 40 shillings.

 

3. Clifton on Teme (Doddingtree) Clistune *

3 hides : value 40 shillings.

Robert d'Oilly held of Osbern.

 

4. Kyre (Doddingtree) Chure #

3 hides : value 40 shillings.

 

5. Stanford on Teme (Doddingtree) Stanford *

Brictric, a thane of Queen Edith, held it TRE

1 1/2 hides : value 20 shillings.

 

6. Shelsey (Doddingtree) Caldeslei *

Sigmund, a thane of Earl Edwin, held it TRE

1 hide : value 30 shillings.

 

7. Kyre (Doddingtree) Cuer #

His father, Richard Scrob, held it TRE

1 hide : value 10 shillings.

Herbert held of Osbern.

 

8. Homme Castle (Doddingtree) Hame *

Osbern himself held it TRE.

1 hide : value 30 shillings.

 

9. Lower Sapey (Doddingtree) Sapie *

Osbern himself held it TRE

3 hides : value30 shillings.

 

10. Carton (Doddingtree ) Carletune

His father, Richard Scrob, held it TRE

1 hide plus 1 virgate : value 5 shillings.

Odo held of Osbern.

 

11. Edvin Loach (Doddingtree) Edevent @

Wulfleah held it TRE

1 hide : value 28 shillings.

Herbert held of Osbern

 

12. Wychbold (Clent) Wicelbold

Earl Godwin held it TRE

11 hides : value 15.

 

13. Elmbridge (Clent) Elmerige

Alfgeat held it TRE

8 hides : value 50 shillings

 

14. Crowle (Esch) Croelai

Ketelbert held it TRE

5 hides : value 40 shillings.

Urse held of Osbern.

 

The above manors were held in chief of the king. Osbern fitzRichard also held, as a tenant of the Church of Worcester:-

 

15. Cotheridge (Oswaldstow) Codrie

1 hide : value 40 shillings.

 

Osbern's father, Richard Scrob, held it for the service the bishop wished.

 

A1086:1 lists certain lands, formerly in King Edward's holding in Westbury on Severn which are held by Osbern fitzRichard and William fitzRichard in:-

'Chire (Kyre, Worcs)

Clifton (Clifton on Teme, Worcs)

Ladewent (Edvin Loach, Worcs)

Newent, Gloucs.

Kingston, Glouces.

 

* These five manors make up the 9 1/2 hides in Clifton on Teme held as a former outlier of King Edward's manor of Westbury on Severn.

 

# These two manors make up the 4 hides in Kyre held as a former outlier of Westbury on Severn.

 

@ This manor was a former outlier of Westbury on Severn.

 

These outlier manors of Westbury on Severn were acquired by Richard Scrob.

 

 

 

The Lands of Osbern FitzRichard 

 

Osbern fitz Richard, the lord of Richards Castle in 1086, is known to have held at least 104 manors spread over nine English counties as shown in the Domesday Survey. He almost certainty held more. The Survey shows sixteen different Osberns / Osberts / Odberts but, in some cases the same man is described differently. For example, Osbern of Exeter and Osbern of Breteuil refer to the same man. The problem is to identify those references which are aliases for Osbern fitzRichard. This can only be done on the basis of later information. He may have held 15 additional manors in 3 other counties.

 

The counties in which Osbern fitzRichard held lands at the Survey are:-

Bedfordshire 4 manors

Cheshire  Hugh FitzOsbern held 10 manors

Gloucestershire 4 manors plus possibly 3 more

Herefordshire  17 manors

Nottinghamshire 4 manors plus possibly 5 more

Oxfordshire 1 manor

Shropshire 24 manors

Staffordshire 1 manor plus possibly 1 more

Warwickshire 13 manors

Worcestershire 13 manors

 

He also possibly held lands in

Surrey poss 1 manor

Sussex poss3 manors

Wiltshire poss 2 manors

 

The Bedfordshire Lands

 

Riseley

Keysoe 8m N. of Bedford

Elvedon 8m N. of Bedford

Easton

 

Osbern's tenant in these manors was Hugh Hubald.

 

The Gloucestershire Lands

 

Naunton Between Cheltenham and Stow on the Wold

Turkdean 3 m. S. of Naunton

Newent 8m. E. of Ross on Wye.

 

Osbern also held

Condicote

Latton

Long Newnton

Any or all may refer to Osbern fitzRichard.

 

The Herefordshire Lands

 

Brockmanton ?Brockhampton; 8m W. of Worcester

Pudlestone; 3m E. of Leominster

Richards Castle

Collington; Between Leominster and Worcester

Maund (Maghene Maurici)

Salebury

Milton

Byton 5m W. of Mortimers Cross

Bradley ? Between Droitwich and Alcester; in the Welsh march

Titley 4m W. of Staunton on Arrow; in the Welsh march

Knill 3m SW of Presteigne; in the Welsh march

Lower Harpton 4m SW. of Presteigne; in the Welsh march

Harpton 1m E. of New Radnor, Wales; in the Welsh march

Nash 1m S. of Presteigne; in the Welsh march

Clatterburn in the Welsh march

Querentune in the Welsh march

Discoed 3m W. of Presteigne, Wales; in the Welsh march

Cascob 5m W. of Presteigne, Wales; in the Welsh march

Lye 3m N. of Mortimers Cross

Newton 5m S. of Leominster; tenant Herbert

Staunton on Arrow 12m W. of Leominster; tenant Drogo

Bodenham 8m N. of Hereford

Whyle 3m E. of Leominster

Ludlow; (Lyde) tenant Roger de Lacy

Wapley ? Wapley Hill, 3m SE. of Presteigne

Ewyas Harold 12m N. of Abergavenny; 1m S. of Abbey Dore

Stanage 5m N. of Presteigne, Wales

Little Brampton 3m S. of Presteigne; in the Welsh march

Kyre

Alton held of Roger de Lacy

 

The Nottinghamshire Lands

 

Wiverton

Saltenford

Granby 8m E of Nottingham

Colston Bassett 6m SE of Nottingham

 

The tenant in all these manors was Robert d'Oilly, who was sheriff of Warwickshire at the time of the Survey.

 

Osbern held

Sibthorpe of Count Alan

East Stoke of Walter of Aincourt

and possibly

Clipstone

Weston

Beckingham

Some or all these may refer to Osbern fitzRichard.

 

The Oxfordshire Lands

 

Mollington tenant William

 

The Shropshire Lands

 

Marlbrook

Neen Sollars

Tilshop

Grete 1m N of Burford

Hints 3m W of Cleobury Mortimer

Ashford Carbonel 3m S of Ludlow

Watmore 4m W of Ludlow

Overton 1m S of Ludlow

Milston

Hull Hubaut

Hulle

Ashford Bowdler 3m S of Ludlow

Badger 6m N of Bridgenorth; ten Robert

Brockton 8m N of Bridgenorth

Ryton 8m N of Bridgenorth

Boraston 1m S of Burford

Burford

Ludford 1/4m S of Ludlow

Stanage

Humet

 

The Staffordshire Lands

 

Milwich Held of Robert of Stafford

Arley Db says "Osbern fitzRichard took this manor by force from the canons of Wolverhampton.

 

The Surrey Lands

 

An Osbern held land in

Mitcham

This is possibly Osbern fitzRichard.

 

The Sussex Lands

Held of the Count of Moretain

Tilton

Willingdon

West Dean

 

The lands, held of the count of Mortain possibly refer to Osbern fitzRichard.

 

The Warwickshire Lands

 

Aston Cantlow 5m NW of Stratford on Avon

Wilmcote 3m NW of Stratford on Avon

Hillborough

Binton 4m W of Stratford on Avon

Temple Grafton 5m W of Stratford on Avon

Stretton on Fosse Between Evesham and Banbury

Barford 2m S of Warwick

Dunchurch 2m S of Rugby

Binley Coventry

Hilberworth

Mollington 5m N of Banbury

Farnborough 2m N of Mollington

Ipsley Redditch

 

 

The Wiltshire Lands

 

Osbern held in

Long Newnton of Malmesbury Abbey

Pertwood of the Bishop of Coutances

These possibly refer to Osbern fitzRichard.

 

The Worcestershire Lands

 

Sapey Pichard ) Lower Sapey

Sapey Sturmy ) Lower Sapey 10m NW of Worcester

Stanford Sturmy)

Little Stanford ) same place Between Leominster and Stourport

Noverton )

Elmbridge 3m N of Droitwich

Impney

Astwood Robert

Astwood Savage )same place

Astwood Meynill )

Astwood Peremont

Clifton on Teme 9m NW of Worcester

Shelsley Walsh 9m NW of Worcester

Carton in Bayton 1m S of Cleobury Mortimer

Purshill Elmbridge

Crowle )

Crowle Hackett )same place 3m E of Worcester

Froxmere Court )

Kyre Wyard Between Leominster and Stourport

Tenbury 8m S of Ludlow

Alreton

Wodefen

Sutton Sturmy

Kingstone 7m SW of Hereford

Kyre Parva )same place Between Leominster and Stourport

Stoke Bliss )

Edvin Loach Between Leominster and Worcester

Cotheridge ; held of St.Mary's, Worcester

Sagebury

Ham Castle

Woodmanton

Berrington 1m W of Tenbury

Wychbold 2m NE of Droitwich

Dodderhill 2m NE of Droitwich

 

Tenants:-

Clifton on Teme; Robert d'Oilly

Carton ; Odo

Kyre ; Herbert

Edvin Loach ; Herbert

Crowle ; Urse

 

 

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